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塔金动物园

塔金动物园 Takin Park : 不丹的国兽—羚牛(不丹语称塔金Takin),相当于中国的大熊猫。这种羊头牛身的动物是羊和牛的杂交动物,只有在不丹才能够看见,和它关系最近的亲属就是北极麝香牛。传说是不丹癫狂神僧竹巴坤列Drukpa Kunley(相当于我国的济公)用羊和牛的骨头创造了塔金。如今,廷布动物园成为了观赏塔金的最好场所。这里除了羚牛,还饲养了包括驯鹿及山羌等多个鹿种。

Takin Preserve:
A short distance up the road to the telecom tower is a trail leading to a large fenced area that was originally established as a mini-zoo. The king decided that such a facility was not in keeping with Bhutan’s environmental and religious convictions, and it was disbanded some time ago. The animals were released into the wild but the takins, Bhutan’s national animal, were so tame that they wandered around the streets of Thimphu looking for food, and the only solution was to put them back into captivity. It’s worthwhile taking die time to see these oddball mammals. The best time to see them is early morning when they gather near the fence to feed. It’s a five-minute walk from the road to a viewing area where you can take advantage of a few holes in the fence to take photographs.
THE TAKIN——BHUTAN’S NATIONAL ANIMAL :
The reason for selecting the takin as the national animal is based both on its uniqueness and its strong association with the country’s religious history and mythology. When the great saint Lama Drukpa Kunley, the Divine Madman, visited Bhutan in the 15th century, a large congregation of devotees gathered from around the country to witness his magical powers. The people urged the lama to perform a miracle.
However, the saint, in his usual unorthodox and outrageous way , demanded that he first be served a whole cow and a goat for lunch. He devoured these with relish and left only the bones. After letting out a large and satisfied burp, he took the goat’s head and stuck it onto the bones of the cow. And then with a snap of his fingers he commanded the strange beast to rise up and graze on the mountainside. To the astonishment of the people the animal arose and ran up to the meadows to graze. This animal came to be known as the dong gyem tsey (takin) and to this day these clumsy-looking animals can be seen grazing on the mountainsides of Bhutan.
  The takin continues to befuddle taxonomists. The famous biologist George Schaller called it a ‘beestung moose’. In summer, takins migrate to subalpine forests and alpine meadows above 3700m and graze on the luxuriant grasses, herbs and shrubs found there. By migrating they escape the leeches, mosquitoes, horseflies and other parasites of the monsoon-swept lower valleys. This is also the time when the vegetation in the alpine region is richest in nutrition. Thus, takins gain several kilograms of storable energy: some males become massive, weighing as much as 1 tonne or more. Summer is also the time when takins mate. The gestation period is between seven and eight months, and young - usually a single calf - are born between December and February. These are black, in contrast to the adults with golden yellow and brownish coat. Sometimes the Himalayan black bear will follow a pregnant female takin and immediately after she has given birth, chase her away and eat the calf.
In late August takins start their slow descent to the lower valleys where the herds begin to break up. They arrive at the winter grazing grounds in temperate broadleaf forests between 2000m and 3000m by late October.
Hunting is banned by law and poaching is limited since there is no high economic value placed on the body parts of the takin. In traditional medicine, however, the horn of the takin, consumed in minute amounts, is supposed to help women during a difficult childbirth.
The major threats that the takin faces are competition with domestic yaks for food in the alpine regions and loss of habitat in the temperate regions. In the temperate zones, logging may have detrimental effects on the takin’s survival.

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